Archive for June, 2009

NADIR. n.s.

NADIR. n.s.

NADIR. n.s. [Arabick.] The point under foot directly opposite to the zenith.
As far as four bright signs comprize,
The distant zenith from the nadir lies.  Creech.



MA’CROCOSM. n.s. [macrocosme, French; μαχροζ and χοσμοζ.]
The whole world, or visible system, in opposition to the mi-
crocosm, or world of man.



MA’CKEREL. n.s. [mackereel, Dutch; maquereau, French.] A
Some fish are gutted, split, and kept in pickle; as whiting
and mackerel. Carew’s Survey of Cornwall.
Law ordered that the Sunday should have rest;
And that no nymph her noisy food should sell,
Except it were new milk or mackarel. King’s Art of Cookery.
Sooner shall cats disport in water clear,
And speckled mackrels graze the meadows fair,
Than I forget my shepherds wonted love. Gay’s Pastorals.



MACHINA’TION. n.s.  [machinatio, Lat. machination, French;
from machinate.] Artifice; contrivance; malicious scheme.
If you miscarry,
Your business of the world hath so an end,
And machination ceases.  Shakespeare’s King Lear.
O from their machinations free,
That would my guiltless soul betray;
From those who in my wrongs agree,
And for my life their engines lay. Sandys’s Paraphrase.
Some one intent on mischief, or inspir’d
With dev’lish machination, might devise
Like instrument, to plague the sons of men
For sin; on war, and mutual slaughter bent. Milton.
Be frustrate all ye stratagems of hell,
And devilish machinations come to nought. Milt. Par. Reg.
How were they zealous in respect to their temporal gover-
nors? Not by open rebellion, not by private machinations;
but in blessing and submitting to their emperors, and obeying
them in all things but their idolatry. Spratt’s Sermons.



MA’CHINAL. adj. [from machina, Latin.] Relating to ma-
chines. Dict.



MA’CEBEARER. n.s. [mace and bear.] One who carries the
mace before persons in authority.
I was placed at a quadrangular table, opposite to the mace
bearerSpectator, No. 617.



MACARO’ON. n.s. [macarone, Italian.]
I. A coarse, rude, low fellow; whence macaro
nick poetry, in which the language is purposely corrupted.
Like a big wife, at sight of lothed meat,
Ready to travail, so I sigh and sweat,
To hear this macaroon talk on in vain.  Donne.
2. [Macaron, French, from μαχαρ.] A kind of sweet biscuit,
made of flower, almonds, eggs, and sugar.

LUNCH. n.s.


LUNCH. LU’NCHEON. n.s. [Minshaw derives it from louja, Spanish;
Skinner from kleinken, a small piece, Teu-
tonick.  It probably comes from clutch or clunch.] As much
food as one’s hands can hold.
When hungry thou stood’st staring, like an oaf,
I slic’d the luncheon from the barley loaf;
With crumbled bread I thicken’d well the mess. Gay.

LU’GGAGE. n.s.

LU'GGAGE. n.s.

LU’GGAGe. n.s. [from lug.] Any thing cumbrous and un-
weildy that is to be carried away; any thing of more weight
than value.
Come bring your luggage nobly on your back. Shakesp.
What do you mean?
To doat thus on such luggageShakespeare’s Tempest.
Think not thou to find me slack, or need
Thy politick maxims, or that cumbersome
Luggage of war there shewn me. Milton’s Par. Regain’d.
How durst thou with that sullen luggage
O’th’self, old ir’n, and other baggage,
T’oppose thy lumber against us? Hudibras, p. i.
The mind of man is too light to bear much certainty
among the ruffling winds of passion and opinion; and if the
luggage be prized equally with the jewels, none will be cast
out till all be shipwrecked.  Glanv.
A lively faith will bear aloft the mind,
And leave the luggage of good works behind.  Dryden.
I am gathering up my luggage, and preparing for my jour-
ney.  Swift to Pope.

LO’VETOY. n.s.

LO'VETOY. n.s.

LO’VETOY. n.s. [love and toy.] Small presents given by lovers.
Has this amorous gentleman presented himself with any
lovetoys, such as gold snuff-boxes.  Arbuth. and Pope’s Ma. Sc.